What Are The Primary Components Of A Sprinkler Irrigation System

What Are The Components Of A Sprinkler Irrigation System?On any property with significant landscaping, a sprinkler irrigation system is eventually going to be a must. An automated setup can save a whole lot of time and water, and will help maintain better yard health overall. Skilled professionals can also oversee every part of the process, from planning to installation, so there is little reason for a homeowner not to look into the setup. It’s the kind of watering aid that any homeowner could use to make beautiful landscaping easier to manage.

What are the primary components of a sprinkler irrigation system?

Most homes have most of the components needed to run a watering system, and only a few additions are needed to power it. Unless the water supply is accessible via a pump, homes receive water through a supply line that is connected to a municipal water main. This supply line runs under the home and connects the main to the building’s plumbing infrastructure, making it possible to run all interior water needs.

Before the water reaches the home, it passes by a secondary connection that is somewhere in the yard. This connection can be used to supply water to sprinkler heads located throughout the property. To do this, professionals will first install a shutoff valve near the home’s supply line. This will enable the installer or homeowner to cut off water to the setup in the event of an emergency or when working on the setup itself. A backflow preventer it also placed somewhere along the secondary supply line and keeps contaminated water from flowing back into the home’s supply line.

The workhorse of any sprinkler irrigation system is the valve manifold
. The manifold has several valves that connect to the watering heads in varying patterns. By opening up a single valve at a time, a homeowner can choose which parts of the yard to water at any given time. In general, it is impossible to provide enough water volume and pressure to all of the heads at once, making zone watering a necessity. A professional can help determine how much pressure and volume are available to the setup. Both pressure and volume will largely be dependent on the size of the water meter, what kind of supply line the home has and how much pressure the utility company delivers to the house.

During operation, the wiring tied to each of the valves will fire in turn, activating each watering zone separately. The homeowner can alter the watering pattern or timing using a control box provided by the installer, but in general, the areas will be set up so that they provide optimal coverage. Reputable professionals use advanced watering heads that are not as affected by wind and are designed to spray in even patterns. The arrangement of these watering heads will be determined during the planning phase, as the professional decides how to set up watering zones for proper coverage.

Once complete, it’ll be clear why these systems make maintaining a healthy yard much easier.

This article was published on Friday 14 November, 2014.

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